Summary (continued)
This review focuses on the two most important pathogens: A. marginale, which causes bovine anaplasmosis, and A. phagocytophilum, the aetiologic agent of tick-borne fever in sheep and human granulocytic anaplasmosis, an emerging tick-borne disease of humans. For both pathogens, strain diversity is much greater than previously recognised. While MSPs were found to be useful in phylogenetic studies and strain identification, highly conserved MSPs were found to affect the specificity of serologic tests. Comparison of these two important pathogens highlights the challenges and insight derived from reclassification and molecular analysis, both of which have implications for the development and evaluation of diagnosis and control strategies.