J.F. Valarcher, S. Hägglund, M. Juremalm, G. Blomqvist, L. Renström, S. Zohari, M. Leijon & J. Chirico

Summary (continued)
Therefore, the virus prevalence and the occurrence of TBE can be influenced by several environmental, genetic and behavioural factors associated with the virus, the vectors or the hosts, and understanding these factors is essential for implementation of effective control measures. This article reviews virus characteristics and the epidemiological and clinical aspects of TBEV infections and examines pathogenesis, diagnostic approaches and control measures.