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Author(s) : S.C. MacDiarmid

Summary :

The fear of spreading animal diseases from country to country is a major barrier to trade in animals and animal products. The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) was founded in 1924 in response to the introduction of rinderpest into Europe through the importation of cattle, and history provides a number of similar examples (8, 10, 11, 16, 20, 23, 25). However, the risks of such spread have decreased in the decades since the OIE was founded, partly as a result of the improvement of the global animal health situation and partly because of the work of the OIE in the development and implementation of international sanitary standards that ensure the safety of traded animals and animal products (29). Nevertheless, with increasing globalisation, concern about the risks of spreading pathogens through trade in animals and animal products remains high amongst veterinary authorities (3).

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