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Product title :

Risk management of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies in Europe

Author(s) : D. Heim & U. Kihm

Summary :

Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) was first described in the United Kingdom (UK) in November 1986. After the introduction of an active surveillance system, most countries in Europe have reported BSE cases in the cattle population. This indicates that the use of active surveillance in addition to passive surveillance is important to assess the true BSE status in a country. Scrapie, a transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE) in sheep and goats, has been reported in countries throughout the world with a few notable exceptions. Concern was expressed that BSE could have been introduced into sheep and goats. Currently, distinguishing between scrapie and BSE in small ruminants is only possible through lengthy experiments in mice. Preliminary results of active surveillance, introduced in 2002, show that significant under-reporting occurred.

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