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Product title :

The economic implications of animal diseases and disease control at the national level

Author(s) : G.C. Ramsay, P. Philip & P. Riethmuller

Summary :

The authors examine the economic implications of animal diseases and control programmes at the national level, including the role of government in animal health, the effect of regulations and the use of cost-benefit analysis. Special attention is paid to the role of economic analysis in government decision-making processes. Economics provides a framework for gathering information and for the presentation of that information in a methodical manner, thereby providing a method for the decision maker to examine policy alternatives. In addition, assumptions underlying the analysis must be clearly laid out and explained by the person undertaking the analysis. Economic reasons for government intervention in animal health programmes include externalities, natural monopolies, public goods, coordination failure, information failure and distribution issues. An integrated holistic approach that includes national and international policy objectives is outlined in the paper. In the approach outlined, government coordinates the activities of stakeholders in animal health, including producers, consumers and researchers.
 
Keywords
Animal health – Control programmes – Cost-benefit analysis – Economic analysis – Economics – Externalities – Public policy.

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