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Product title :

The cultural heritage of pastoralism – local knowledge, state identity and the global perspective: the example of local breeds in Morocco

Author(s) : Y. Ben Hounet, A.-M. Brisebarre & S. Guinand

Summary :

Over the past few decades, the heritage designation process has come to impact on the way of life of many nomadic pastoralists across the world. Since the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage was adopted in 1972, policies for the conservation of protected areas have been implemented under the aegis of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), especially in countries of the South, with a varying impact on the practices and perceptions of pastoral communities. Heritage policies were further extended by the establishment of the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage (the Convention was adopted by the UNESCO General Conference in October 2003 and came into force in 2006) and the list of Cultural Landscapes (adoption in 1992, with the first site listed in 1993). This enthusiasm for heritage, which is felt by States and local communities alike, provides an opportunity to study the contradictions and changing perceptions of the nomadic and pastoral identity. In this context of wholesale heritage designation, it is interesting to examine how local knowledge – especially that on hardy animal breeds − is promoted and safeguarded.

Animal breeds – Heritage – Morocco – Nomadic pastoralists – North Africa – Pastoralism.

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