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Product title :

Sales of veterinary antimicrobial agents for therapeutic use in food-producing animal species in Japan between 2005 and 2010

Author(s) : Y. Hosoi, T. Asai, R. Koike, M. Tsuyuki & K. Sugiura

Summary :

No. 25042014-00029-EN

The use of veterinary antimicrobial agents in animals can result in the emergence and selection of resistant bacteria in food-producing animals. This study elucidated the use of veterinary antimicrobial agents in Japan in terms of milligrams of active ingredient sold per kilogram of biomass between 2005 and 2010. Data on sales of antimicrobial agents and on the biomass of the target animal species were compiled from statistics published by the Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The quantities of antimicrobials used varied between animal species: the highest usage was observed in pigs (392 to 423 mg/ kg), followed by beef cattle (45 to 67 mg/kg), broiler chickens (44 to 63 mg/kg) and dairy cattle (33 to 49 mg/kg). For the animal species combined, usage of third-and fourth-generation cefalosporins, fluoroquinolones and macrolides ranged from 0.10 to 0.14 mg/kg biomass, 1.1 to 1.3 mg/kg biomass and 7.8 to 10.6 mg/kg biomass, respectively.

Animal biomass – Antimicrobial resistance – Japan – Surveillance – Veterinary antimicrobial.

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