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Product title :

Prevalence of equine viral arteritis in Algeria

Author(s) : F. Laabassi, G. Amelot, C. Laugier, S. Zientara, A.M. Nasri & A. Hans

Summary :

No. 07112014-00052-EN

In order to determine the prevalence of equine viral arteritis in Algeria, 268 sera from non-vaccinated horses were collected from the western and eastern regions. Serological analysis of the sera, which were collected from 2009 to 2011, was performed using the virus neutralisation test, as described by the World Organisation for Animal Health. Overall, 20 sera (7.46%) were seropositive, 152 (56.71%) were negative and 96 sera (35.82%) were cytotoxic. Equine arteritis virus (EAV) seroprevalence was significantly higher in the western region (Tiaret) than in the eastern region (Barika and El-Eulma). Interestingly, more than 20% of the tested horses over 16 years old were seropositive for EAV. However, EAV prevalence did not depend on either horse breed or horse gender. This study is the first to describe the circulation of EAV in the Algerian horse population.

Algeria – Equine arteritis virus – Horse – Prevalence – Virus neutralisation test.

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